Skin Care during Later Life - Skin care for Old Age People
After menopause, which normally happens gradually between the ages of 45 and 55, the amount of estrogen a woman produces slows down dramatically. This causes changes in the skin, which is highly sensitive to estrogen. In older women and men, the slowdown of the sebaceous glands continues and even gathers pace, so that the skin dries and thins. The dermis becomes less resilient, the elastin fibers lose their structure, and the skin grows wrinkled and sags. And as you get older, the signs of earlier sun damage appear. These can range from creases to pigmentation changes, such as age spots or mottled areas, and a leathery, rough texture.
Loss Of Collagen
During the ten years following menopause, the drop in estrogen causes collagen levels to fall by as much as 30 percent. Collagen is the skin's scaffolding. It helps to support other tissues and blood vessels, and holds the skin together. When it breaks down, your skin loses some of its elasticity and firmness, so it begins to droop and wrinkle. The effect is young skin older skin more pronounced if you have spent a lot of time in the sun, because sunlight attacks the orderly bundles of collagen. It disrupts them, causing individual collagen fibers to weaken. A person who has spent much of his or her life in the sun has more wrinkles, and often at an earlier age, than someone whose skin has been protected from sun damage.
Slow To Repair
In younger skin, the cells are replaced about every 21 to 40 days. As you get older, the cells regenerate more slowly, and the rate of replacement falls by about half. As more cells accumulate on the surface, the skin can feel dense and rough, with dry patches. Another effect of the slowdown in cell repair is that aging skin becomes slow to heal - especially in the very elderly. Cuts, scratches, and minor wounds that could have mended rapidly when you were younger now take much longer. This is especially noticeable in the lower legs. The skin in this area becomes notably more fragile as you age. This may be because circulation in this area becomes less efficient with age as the blood has difficulty returning to the heart against the pull of gravity, and the skin therefore has a reduced blood supply. Lack of exercise often worsens the effects of poor circulation in older people.
The faces of many elderly people look considerably different from when they were younger.
There are two main reasons for this:
One is that as you age, the amount of subcutaneous fat - the fat just beneath the skin - steadily decreases. When combined with the reduced thickness of the dermis and the diminished elasticity of the skin, this causes the skin to sag markedly and make wrinkles more pronounced, especially in areas such as the sides of the nose, the mouth, and the jowls and chin.
The second reason is that the bone loss we all experience accelerates in our late fifties and sixties. This normal consequence of aging changes the way the skin of the face appears. The contraction of facial bone can allow the skin to fold away from the underlying muscle. The effect of gravity pulls this skin down and leads to sagging jowls. You begin to develop creases and furrows, especially in the more mobile areas of the face.
Skin Check - Regular Skin Checkups are very necessary for Old Age People
Skin cancers are much more common in older people, especially from around the age of 60. For this reason, you should monitor your skin regularly, or ask someone else to do this for you.You will quickly become familiar with what your skin looks like normally and be able to note any changes.
Watch out for the development of lumps, bumps, pigmentation problems, or new moles.
Some conditions, such as age spots (or liver spots), are harmless, though they can be unattractive. Others - for example, solar keratoses- may indicate that you have a higher risk of developing a serious skin condition, such as squamous cell skin cancer.
Discuss noticeable changes with your doctor, so you can start any necessary treatment quickly.